Letter & Resume Tips

Resume Format 2020 ‚ÄĒ Types that Work Best For You8 min read

December 11, 2019 6 min read
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Resume Format 2020 ‚ÄĒ Types that Work Best For You8 min read

Read­ing Time: 6 min­utes

Your resume is more than just a doc¬≠u¬≠ment. It acts as a link between you and your poten¬≠tial employ¬≠er. Your resume for¬≠mat show¬≠cas¬≠es your qual¬≠i¬≠fi¬≠ca¬≠tions, your skills, your accom¬≠plish¬≠ments. It serves as your first impres¬≠sion because it reach¬≠es the recruiter before you do. Think of it as a mech¬≠a¬≠nism to mar¬≠ket your¬≠self to your dream com¬≠pa¬≠ny. So your resume for¬≠mat must stand out from the mass¬≠es that are com¬≠pet¬≠ing for the same posi¬≠tion as you.

Resume for¬≠mats dif¬≠fer accord¬≠ing to the candidate‚Äôs qual¬≠i¬≠fi¬≠ca¬≠tions and work expe¬≠ri¬≠ence. For exam¬≠ple, a fresh¬≠er look¬≠ing for his first job will not have much to high¬≠light in terms of experience. 

But he can show¬≠case his skills, tal¬≠ents, and achieve¬≠ments in a way that draws imme¬≠di¬≠ate atten¬≠tion. On the oth¬≠er hand, a pro¬≠fes¬≠sion¬≠al who has been in the indus¬≠try for more than a decade has lots of work expe¬≠ri¬≠ence and exper¬≠tise which he can proud¬≠ly dis¬≠play on his resume. 

Key Elements For A Resume Format: 

  1. Per­son­al Infor­ma­tion: Every resume has to begin with the per­son­al infor­ma­tion of the can­di­date. This includes the name, address, email, and con­tact num­ber. This infor­ma­tion is essen­tial as it is the first thing that the recruiter reads. Also, your con­tact infor­ma­tion is impor­tant for them to reach out to you in case they are inter­est­ed in your application.
  2. Objec­tive: This is your chance to get cre­ative. In an objec­tive, you get to phrase your pur­pose of job search. It can high­light what you are look­ing for, and also some of your skills which fit in with the desired role.
  3. Edu¬≠ca¬≠tion: In this sec¬≠tion, as the name sug¬≠gests, you write your qual¬≠i¬≠fi¬≠ca¬≠tions, the sub¬≠jects you stud¬≠ied, the school and boards you attend¬≠ed, along with the rel¬≠e¬≠vant dates. This can serve as an excel¬≠lent chance to men¬≠tion your suit¬≠able back¬≠ground that makes you per¬≠fect for the desired job. 
  4. Work Expe¬≠ri¬≠ence: Under this sec¬≠tion, the can¬≠di¬≠date gets to talk about all the work expe¬≠ri¬≠ence they hold along with the com¬≠pa¬≠nies they have worked for and for how long. 
  5. Awards and Hon­ors: Under awards and hon­ors, a can­di­date can men­tion all the achieve­ments and recog­ni­tion they might have gained over the years. But it is impor­tant to keep this rel­e­vant to the posi­tion you are apply­ing for. This sec­tion usu­al­ly comes at the end of the resume.

Types Of Resume Format: 

Gen¬≠er¬≠al¬≠ly, there are three types of for¬≠mats that are most com¬≠mon for a resume. 

  1. Chrono¬≠log¬≠i¬≠cal Resume 
  2. Func­tion­al Resume
  3. Hybrid or Com­bi­na­tion Resume

Chronological Resume Format:

The chrono¬≠log¬≠i¬≠cal resume for¬≠mat is the most well-known and usu¬≠al¬≠ly the default tem¬≠plate for writ¬≠ing a resume. As the name sug¬≠gests, it show¬≠cas¬≠es your work expe¬≠ri¬≠ence in chrono¬≠log¬≠i¬≠cal order. 

This for¬≠mat starts with either the cur¬≠rent or most recent job posi¬≠tion fol¬≠lowed by the one before it and so forth. It dis¬≠plays both your job role as well as the dura¬≠tion you spent doing that job. It is usu¬≠al¬≠ly rec¬≠om¬≠mend¬≠ed to include no more than 10 years of expe¬≠ri¬≠ence and elab¬≠o¬≠rate only on the first three job posi¬≠tions in your resume, leav¬≠ing the rest to be quite brief. 

Here is a sam­ple resume tem­plate for Chrono­log­i­cal Format:

John Doe

928-xxx-xxxx

[email protected]

linkedin.com/in/johndoe

Objec­tive

A pro¬≠gres¬≠sive-think¬≠ing grad¬≠u¬≠ate from Ari¬≠zona State XYZ Uni¬≠ver¬≠si¬≠ty with a BA in Eco¬≠nom¬≠ics and an appetite for dig¬≠i¬≠tal pub¬≠li¬≠ca¬≠tions. Eager to join the media indus¬≠try as a Con¬≠tent Cre¬≠ator to help exe¬≠cute con¬≠tent strate¬≠gies, as well as cre¬≠ate amaz¬≠ing con¬≠tent admired by the audi¬≠ence. Com¬≠pre¬≠hen¬≠sive back¬≠ground in writ¬≠ing and edit¬≠ing dig¬≠i¬≠tal content. 

Expe­ri­ence

June 2018‚ÄďSeptember 2018

Com¬≠pa¬≠ny XYZ

SEO Intern

  • Oper¬≠at¬≠ed with 3 SEO ana¬≠lyt¬≠ics tools to review rel¬≠e¬≠vant key¬≠words along with edi¬≠to¬≠r¬≠i¬≠al supervision.
  • Worked with 2 man¬≠ag¬≠ing edi¬≠tors to ensure arti¬≠cles are opti¬≠mized for Google.
  • Worked with the edi¬≠to¬≠r¬≠i¬≠al team to for¬≠mu¬≠late and pub¬≠lish new con¬≠tent verticals.

Edu­ca­tion

XYZ Uni¬≠ver¬≠si¬≠ty, 2016

Bach­e­lor of Arts, Economics

Rel­e­vant coursework:

  • Lin¬≠guis¬≠tics
  • Cog¬≠ni¬≠tive grammar
  • Sta¬≠tis¬≠tics 

Key achieve­ments:

  • Win¬≠ner of a stu¬≠dent essay-writ¬≠ing competition
  • Edi¬≠tor-In-Chief of booksnbeyond.com‚ÄĒonline magazine

Key Skills

  • Com¬≠mu¬≠ni¬≠ca¬≠tion (writ¬≠ten as well as verbal)
  • Search Engine Optimization
  • Google Ana¬≠lyt¬≠ics
  • SEM¬≠rush
  • Adobe Pho¬≠to¬≠shop

Inter­ests

  • SEO
  • Graph¬≠ic design

Is Chronological Resume Format For You?

Chrono¬≠log¬≠i¬≠cal Resume is not rec¬≠om¬≠mend¬≠ed for fresh¬≠ers or those who are seek¬≠ing entry-lev¬≠el jobs as it high¬≠lights the lack of expe¬≠ri¬≠ence in the can¬≠di¬≠date. It is also not rec¬≠om¬≠mend¬≠ed for those who have a gap in their careers. But it is excel¬≠lent for expe¬≠ri¬≠enced work¬≠ers who have a great sto¬≠ry to tell and high¬≠light their mile¬≠stones over the years. This for¬≠mat is also what most recruiters pre¬≠fer and are famil¬≠iar with. 

Functional Resume Formats: 

Unlike a chrono¬≠log¬≠i¬≠cal resume, a func¬≠tion¬≠al resume is best for fresh¬≠ers because it high¬≠lights your rel¬≠e¬≠vant skills, tal¬≠ents, and achieve¬≠ments instead of focus¬≠ing on your experience. 

Work expe¬≠ri¬≠ence is not empha¬≠sized, in fact, it is added right at the end men¬≠tion¬≠ing just the com¬≠pa¬≠nies and the dura¬≠tion of the job. Since this kind of resume for¬≠mat show¬≠cas¬≠es a candidate‚Äôs skills, it is also called ‚ÄúSkills-Based Resume‚ÄĚ. 

Here is a sam­ple resume tem­plate for Func­tion­al Format:

John  Doe

(123) xxx-xxxx

[email protected]

Objec­tive

Expe­ri­enced and ver­sa­tile pro­fes­sion­al with strong met­ro­pol­i­tan out­lin­ing as well as peo­ple, man­age­ment, and research skills seeks a posi­tion in urban plan­ning and envi­ron­men­tal impact analy­sis with a prin­ci­pal city or For­tune 500 company.

Qual­i­fi­ca­tions

  • Back¬≠ground man¬≠ag¬≠ing direct trans¬≠porta¬≠tion plan¬≠ning and programs
  • Adept at man¬≠ag¬≠ing urban plan¬≠ning pro¬≠grams and people
  • Able to antic¬≠i¬≠pate and project orga¬≠ni¬≠za¬≠tion¬≠al change
  • Back¬≠ground as an admin¬≠is¬≠tra¬≠tor of office operations

Skills

  • Skilled in Gov¬≠ern¬≠ment Guidelines
  • Qual¬≠i¬≠ty Control
  • Urban Plan¬≠ning
  • Geology/Hydrology
  • Site Eval¬≠u¬≠a¬≠tions
  • Com¬≠put¬≠er Soft¬≠ware Tools
  • Envi¬≠ron¬≠men¬≠tal Impact Mit¬≠i¬≠ga¬≠tion and Research

Employ­ment History

ABC Corp.

Senior Process Engi­neer, Sep­tem­ber 2016-Present

ABC Corp.

Process Engi¬≠neer: Tech¬≠ni¬≠cal Sup¬≠port, Sep¬≠tem¬≠ber 2012-Sep¬≠tem¬≠ber 2016

Stars Corp. 

Tech¬≠ni¬≠cal Pro¬≠fes¬≠sion¬≠al, Sep¬≠tem¬≠ber 2010-Sep¬≠tem¬≠ber 2012

Edu­ca­tion

Mas­ter of Busi­ness Admin­is­tra­tion (2015)

ABC Uni­ver­si­ty

Bach­e­lor of Sci­ence (2012)

XYZ Uni­ver­si­ty

Is Functional Resume Format For You?

A func¬≠tion¬≠al resume is the best kind of resume for¬≠mat for fresh¬≠ers i.e. can¬≠di¬≠dates who don‚Äôt have rel¬≠e¬≠vant work expe¬≠ri¬≠ence to show. It is also per¬≠fect if you have a lot of incon¬≠sis¬≠ten¬≠cies and gaps in your careers. Those who are con¬≠tem¬≠plat¬≠ing to switch their field or try¬≠ing to enter a new kind of indus¬≠try with no pri¬≠or work record can also use this type of for¬≠mat to high¬≠light the skills they pos¬≠sess which might work well for the desired job role. 

Hybrid Or Combination Resume Formats: 

As the name sug¬≠gests, this type of resume for¬≠mat is a com¬≠bi¬≠na¬≠tion of both chrono¬≠log¬≠i¬≠cal and func¬≠tion¬≠al resumes. It adds the strength of both for¬≠mats and gives you the best of both worlds. 

Hybrid Resume For¬≠mat high¬≠lights your skills and tal¬≠ents as well as your work his¬≠to¬≠ry and achieve¬≠ments, hence pro¬≠vid¬≠ing equal empha¬≠sis to both elements. 

Here is a sam­ple resume tem­plate for Hybrid Format:

John Doe

IT Man­ag­er

[email protected]

202-xxx-xxxx

linkedin.com/in/johndoe

Skills Summary

Pro­gram­ming and App Development

  • Refined and built 20+ mobile apps and 30+ web¬≠sites imple¬≠ment¬≠ing an excep¬≠tion¬≠al user experience.
  • Named BCD M&E‚Äôs ‚ÄúTop Pro¬≠gram¬≠mer of The Year‚ÄĚ for three con¬≠sec¬≠u¬≠tive years 2009‚Äď2011.
  • 15+ years of expe¬≠ri¬≠ence in C, C++, Cocoa, and Objective‚ÄĎC.

Lead­er­ship

  • 8+ years of expe¬≠ri¬≠ence in team man¬≠age¬≠ment (teams of 10‚Äď50 col¬≠leagues) and project coordination.
  • Designed and imple¬≠ment¬≠ed a new IT man¬≠age¬≠ment mod¬≠el with Apple‚Äôs New York Branch, increas¬≠ing the quar¬≠ter¬≠ly pro¬≠duc¬≠tiv¬≠i¬≠ty by 33% and result¬≠ing in an increase in employ¬≠ee satisfaction.
  • Trained and men¬≠tored 50+ junior devel¬≠op¬≠ers for cer¬≠ti¬≠fi¬≠ca¬≠tion exams (88% suc¬≠cess rate).

Addi­tion­al Skills

  • Adobe Pho¬≠to¬≠shop
  • InDe¬≠sign
  • CRM Plat¬≠forms
  • Google Ana¬≠lyt¬≠ics

Experience

IT Man­ag­er

EFG Corp.

2013-Present

  • Accom¬≠pa¬≠nied the IT team in for¬≠mu¬≠lat¬≠ing mobile apps pro¬≠vid¬≠ing the best user expe¬≠ri¬≠ence for customers.
  • Pol¬≠ished, eval¬≠u¬≠at¬≠ed, and exam¬≠ined inno¬≠v¬≠a¬≠tive and new appli¬≠ca¬≠tions using sur¬≠fac¬≠ing technologies.
  • Guide for peo¬≠ple that present tech¬≠ni¬≠cal sup¬≠port and instruc¬≠tion while work¬≠ing in con¬≠junc¬≠tion with the busi¬≠ness team. 

Senior IT Professional

XYZ Corp. 

2006‚Äď2013

  • Devel¬≠oped, reviewed, and test¬≠ed web¬≠sites for inter¬≠nal and exter¬≠nal stake¬≠hold¬≠ers, led inno¬≠va¬≠tion in mobile applications.
  • Coop¬≠er¬≠at¬≠ed with pro¬≠cure¬≠ment teams in opti¬≠miz¬≠ing pro¬≠cure¬≠ment processes.

Soft­ware Engineer

ABC Glob­al

2003‚Äď2006

Education

MS in Com­put­er Science

The City Col¬≠lege of ABC

2002

BS in Com­put­er Science

The Uni¬≠ver¬≠si¬≠ty of XYZ

2000

Is Hybrid Resume For¬≠mat For You?

The hybrid resume works best for peo¬≠ple seek¬≠ing mid to senior-lev¬≠el posi¬≠tions as it empha¬≠sizes both, your work expe¬≠ri¬≠ence as well as the rel¬≠e¬≠vant skills you have mas¬≠tered over the years. So it is rec¬≠om¬≠mend¬≠ed for those who have a dis¬≠tinct career record as well as recent col¬≠lege graduates. 

Those can¬≠di¬≠dates who are mak¬≠ing a change by apply¬≠ing for a high¬≠er posi¬≠tion can use this for¬≠mat to show their amaz¬≠ing skill set which is nec¬≠es¬≠sary for the job, all the while not remov¬≠ing focus from the rel¬≠e¬≠vant work expe¬≠ri¬≠ence they have. 

Tips To Make A Professional Resume:

  1. Try to keep your resume crisp and pre¬≠cise. Avoid exceed¬≠ing more than 1 or 2 pages.
  2. Be hon­est but not neg­a­tive. Be hum­ble but not braggy.
  3. Avoid includ¬≠ing too many details in per¬≠son¬≠al bio, like birth¬≠days, mar¬≠i¬≠tal sta¬≠tus, reli¬≠gion, etc.
  4. Don‚Äôt use per¬≠son¬≠al pro¬≠nouns (I, me, etc) 
  5. Prac¬≠tice easy to read font with font size with¬≠in 12‚Äď14.
  6. Use web­sites that pro­vide the option for resume for­mat down­load to make your resume.
  7. Uti­lize pre-made resume tem­plates avail­able on the inter­net or MS Word to avoid errors.

Washija is a content specialist at Receptix. She has an MBA in Tourism and a passion for creating web content. She is an avid reader, a traveler, and a versatile writer.