Ace Manual Testing Interview Questions for Freshers & Experienced8 min readReading Time: 6 minutes
Why Choose Manual Testing as a profession?
Whenever any application is developed by a programmer, it is not directly handed over to the user. It goes through numerous procedures before the user can use it. One of the main procedures is testing. Many people think that testing is an easy job whereas, in reality, it is just the opposite. It takes a lot of effort to test a thousand lines of code written by the developer’s team. And after testing the application at every level, it comes in the hands of the user. So in this blog, we will try and cover all the questions that any tester may encounter when he/she sits for a manual testing interview. But before diving into the manual testing interview questions, we must have some knowledge about testing so that cracking the testing interview becomes easier.
Basics to master before preparing for Manual Testing Interview Questions:
Software Testing And Its Types
Before preparing for manual testing interview questions, it is important to have a strong base. So for that, let’s first learn about what is software testing and what are its types.
According to universal standards, testing is a process that is used to check the accuracy and efficiency of the code using different testing methods.
Software Testing is basically of 2 types:
- Manual Testing
- Automatic Testing
Manual testing, as the name suggests, it is a type of testing where all the test cases are tested manually by the testing team or a tester. In manual testing, no automation tools are used. This is the most primitive type of testing and is useful to make any application bug-free. It can take a lot of time but the results are quite satisfactory. A brief knowledge about manual testing can increase the chance of clearing the manual testing interview questions for freshers if you’re just starting out as a beginner in this field.
Tip: All the applications developed by the developers must be first manually tested before any automated tool is used.
Automation Testing is gaining immense popularity nowadays. Well, the reason is quite obvious. It doesn’t require a lot of time and is more easy to implement than manual testing. Automation Testing is a process of testing a software application using automation tools (for example Selenium) to find out the glitches.
However, we will not focus on automation testing much because here we will prepare for manual testing interview questions for freshers. So does it mean, there’s nothing for the experienced to learn here? Well, this blog also covers manual testing interview questions for experienced. So, all the techies fasten your belt and get ready to learn crucial manual testing interview questions.
Why prepare for Manual Testing Interview Questions?:
Now the question arises what is the key concept behind manual testing?
Manual testing aims at ensuring that the application is bug-free and it is working according to the user’s requirement.
Manual testing ensures that if an error occurs while testing, the report is there and then send to the developer’s team to make the changes.
Types Of Manual Testing- Necessity for Manual Testing Interview Questions:
Any techie who is going through manual testing interview questions for freshers must know about the types of testings that are there in manual testing.
For experienced candidates, they should also aim at brushing their knowledge before going through manual testing interview questions for experienced. So when they work at the live project they won’t have to google trivial things. Plus this would save their time too.
So, let’s get straight into the manual testing interview questions for freshers without any further ado.
Manual Testing Interview Questions For Freshers
1. What is the need for Software testing while developing any application?
Manual testing is one of the most important steps while developing any software. Few reasons for the same are:
- Manual testing ensures that the software will work according to the expectations of the end-user.
- It helps in reducing the coding cycles by pinpointing the issues that might come at the primary stage of the development of any software.
- This ensures proper utilization of resources in the primary stage of the Software Development Lifecycle(SDLC) and hence it helps in preventing software glitches.
- This helps in bringing out the overlooked use cases and helps in making the software more user-friendly.
- It helps to ensure that when the software comes in the hands of the user, it has no bugs left in it.
2. When is the right time to start the testing process?
In the waterfall model, testing is always done in the last. But with the evolution of SDLC Models, testing is now carried out after every step. Therefore, there is no right time to start testing and nowadays it is incorporated after every step so to avoid errors and meet the user’s requirement.
3. What is the meaning of Quality Assurance in terms of Software testing?
It is a process-oriented approach that helps in verifying that the SDLC method used is correct and ensures that it is following the standard procedure. It may also bring some changes in the process too and hence it helps in the replacement of the weak practices if there are any.
4. What is the meaning of Quality Control in terms of Software testing?
It is a product-oriented approach and keeps a check if the product is meeting all the specifications given by the user. These specifications are a result of all the surveys and requirements which are given by the users. Like quality assurance, this also results in certain changes in the product. It comprises of 2 types of testing and these are Functional testing and Non- functional testing.
5. What do you mean by test coverage in manual testing?
In manual testing, test coverage is basically a quality metric to calculate how many tests have been performed on a product so far. It fits in both functional as well as non-functional testing. Hence by using test coverage, testers can add the missing test cases and avoid errors.
6. What are the different types of testing?
There are basically 6 types of testing:
- White Box Testing
- System Testing
- Unit Testing
- White Box testing
- Integration Testing
- Acceptance Testing
7. What does unit testing and integration testing mean in Manual testing?
Unit testing, as the name suggests, it is the testing of individual module or components. A lot of developers prefer to do unit testing so to avoid errors that might seep into the code. But when it comes to integration testing, the testers do that to check if two or more units are working together properly or not.
These are some important questions you should remember while you sit down to prepare for your Manual testing interview questions for the fresher level.
Manual testing interview questions for experienced
While you sit down to prepare for your Manual testing interview questions for the experienced level, you must remember that with big positions comes big responsibilities.
Hence, preparing for Manual testing interview questions for the experienced might include some typical codes and logics too which should be remembered before sitting in an interview.
1. Write the process for the creation of a Test Script.
Step 1: You should first understand what is AUT
- By reading the requirement documents thoroughly, you can get a fair idea about AUT.
- We can also try to understand this by referring to a previous version of the application or wire-frames or screenshots.
Step 2: After analyzing the requirements, the tester can make a list of the areas in the application that has to be tested first. Hence, with this analysis, we can identify the test requirements for the whole application
Step 3: After the analysis is done, we focus on how to test them. And it requires you to write full-fledged steps about how to test a particular feature.
After following all the 3 steps, we are ready to test the application.
2. What is White Box Testing in Manual Testing?
White Box has different names such as Clear Box, Glass Box, or Structural Testing. It helps the tester to know about how the code is written, it also helps in finding any error that might have gone unnoticed by the coder.
3. What is Black Box Testing in terms of Manual Testing?
This manual testing helps the tester can check the functionality of the code, that is if the code is working properly in accordance with the requirement of the user.
4. In manual testing, what does a bug report consists of?
- An ID that is unique to that report must be added.
- It should contain a Defect Description to describe what the error is.
- Steps to Reproduce should be added in the report, that provides the minute details about the issue :
- Module/section of the application (if applicable)
- The severity of the error should be added.
- Responsible QA
Wrapping up Manual Testing Interview Questions:
These are some of the important questions that anyone who is sitting for the Manual testing interview questions for the experienced level should know. Obviously, just the Manual testing interview questions won’t help you grab a job, besides this, your attitude towards testing is also an important deciding factor.
The last set of questions aren’t just for the experienced testers, it can be referred by the people looking to kick start their profession with testing.